Definitions are Helpful
State – a politically unified people occupying a definite territory; nation:
Nation – a large body of people, associated with a particular territory, that is sufficiently conscious of its unity to seek or to possess a government peculiarly its own
Federation – the formation of a political unity, with a central government, by a number of separate states, each of which retains control of its own internal affairs; a federated body formed by a number of nations, states, societies, unions, etc., each retaining control of its own internal affairs.
Confederacy – an alliance between persons, states, etc., to achieve some purpose;
a league or compact for mutual support or common action
Republic – a state in which the supreme power rests in the body of citizens entitled to vote and is exercised by representatives chosen directly or indirectly by them.
A Brief History of the Formation of the United States of America
- The thirteen colonies of Great Britain were: Delaware, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Georgia, Connecticut, Massachusetts Bay, Maryland, South Carolina, New Hampshire, Virginia, New York, North Carolina, and Rhode Island.
- Through the instrument of the Declaration of Independence from Great Britain, each of the thirteen colonies became Free and Independent Nation–States.
- Each of the 13 colonies were characterized by religion and commerce.
- Reference: Religion in Colonial America: Trends, Regulations, and Beliefs
- The New England colonies, except Rhode Island, were chiefly Puritans. Maryland was almost exclusively Catholic and the rest were different protestant denominations.
- The economy of the New England Colonies was fish and timber. The economy of the Middle Colonies also had fish and timber and considerable agriculture, including wheat. The economy of the Southern Colonies was large plantations of cotton and tobacco.
- Upon conclusion of the Revolutionary War, all thirteen became independent nations united under a confederate compact.
- The confederacy presented many problems with trade, coinage, and mutual defense. A constitutional convention convened on May 25, 1787 to essentially improve the confederate compact. Instead, the draft of a new form of federal government with enumerated (limited) powers was signed on September 17, 1787 and was ratified by all thirteen states and became effective on March 4, 1789.
- The original thirteen and all subsequent states operated as independent states with governments consisting of a governor, a state lawmaking body, and a state judiciary.
- The federal government was designed for and limited to interstate matters and foreign affairs. Article I, Section 8 of the U.S. Constitution enumerates (limits) the powers of the federal government.
- Article IV, Section 4 of the U.S. Constitution stipulates, “The United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union a Republican Form of Government, and shall protect each of them against Invasion; and on Application of the Legislature, or of the Executive (when the Legislature cannot be convened), against domestic Violence.“
The original intent and the letter of the Supreme Law of the Land authorizes the federal government to standardize interstate trade, coin a money common to all states, and to protect each state from foreign enemies. This is why our country is called the United States of America, not the People’s Democratic Union.
Election of Presidents and Vice Presidents
Article II of the Constitution outlines the duties of the President. Article II, Section 1 defines the process by which the states choose the president. This process is called the Electoral College.
The Democratic Party strives to undermine Article IV, Section 4 by changing the federal government from a republican form of government to a democracy.
A reading of Article II, Section 1, second paragraph clearly allocates authority to the state governments to elect the president. I quote:
“Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors, equal to the whole Number of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be entitled in the Congress: but no Senator or Representative, or Person holding an Office of Trust or Profit under the United States, shall be appointed an Elector.”
The total number of Electors is 538 reflecting 435 members of the House of Representatives plus 100 Senators. The 23rd Amendment assigned three Electors to Washington, D.C. 435+100+3=538. Reference: US Electoral College | 2020 Distribution of Electoral Votes
The Electoral College provides a balance between the states and the populations of the several states. Naturally, the more populous states have more Electors than less populous states, but each state has at least two electors.
If the Electoral College process were to be eliminated, and this would require a constitutional amendment, the more populous states would always choose presidents. Here is a link to a ranking of the states by population: US States – Ranked by Population 2019
The states of California (55), Texas (38), New York (29), and Florida (29) hold over half of the 270 electoral vote majority. You can readily understand why the other 46 states would effectively be inconsequential, especially the least populous states. Is this what you want?
John White | Rockwall, Texas