What purposes do standards serve? “Standards provide people and organizations with a basis for mutual understanding, and are used as tools to facilitate communication, measurement, commerce and manufacturing.” The European Committee for Standardization (CEN)
Here in the States, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) catalogs over 1,300 standard reference materials (SRM). Another agency, the NASA Technical Standards System (NTSS) sets boundaries on metrics, research, and applications to assure solid scientific outcomes. The NTSS is inextricably an extension of the NIST.
Astronomical Standards Are Out of This World
Astronomers and astrophysicists apply special standards toward the goal of making the astronomical relatable to us earthlings.
The Astronomical Unit (AU) is the nominal distance between the center of the Earth and the sun, 93 million miles. This standard works well when describing distances here in our solar system. But, outside the solar system, scientists apply other standards.
Most people are familiar with the speed of light at 186,000 miles per second and distance indicated in light years. The light year gets us into a metric beyond the AU.
The parsec is a unit of measure beyond the light year and the astronomical unit.
One parsec is approximately 3.26 light years (3.086 × 1013 kilometers). Why is a parsec 3.26 light-years? Learn more from Astronomy Magazine
Following the sound science of Einstein’s General Relativity and the measurements by the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) satellite, astrophysicists calculate the age of the universe to 13.77 billion years, with an uncertainty of only 0.4%.
The Methuselah Star is the ‘astronomical elephant’ in the Room
Applying the same scientific standards used to calculate the age of the universe, the Methuselah Star located nearby in our own Milky Way Galaxy is 16 billion years old. That’s a problem, since most researchers agree that the Big Bang that created the universe occurred about 13.8 billion years ago.
Instead of consistently relying on sound science and accepted standards, astrophysicists twist the standards to reconcile the difference. In accounting terms, this amounts to “cooking the books”, a crime in civil society.
Now a team of astronomers has derived a new, less nonsensical age for the Methuselah star, incorporating information about its distance, brightness, composition and structure.
“Put all of those ingredients together, and you get an age of 14.5 billion years, with a residual uncertainty that makes the star’s age compatible with the age of the universe,” study lead author Howard Bond, of Pennsylvania State University and the Space Telescope Science Institute in Baltimore, said in a statement.Space.com 7 Mar 2013 | Strange ‘Methuselah’ Star Looks Older Than the Universe
Rear Admiral Grace Hopper must be chuckling to herself up in Heaven.
There is one more standard of measurement to consider, the God Day.
“…do not let this one fact escape your notice, beloved, that with the Lord one day is like a thousand years, and a thousand years is like one day” Bible Gateway:1 Peter 3:3-8 AMP version
How do I explain the Methuselah Star? In can’t but God can. As the prophet quoted God, the Creator of the Universe in Isaiah 55:8-9
“For My thoughts are not your thoughts, Nor are your ways My ways,” declares the Lord. “For as the heavens are higher than the earth, So are My ways higher than your ways And My thoughts higher than your thoughts.
God has a sense of humor. God sets the ultimate, irrevocable standards of the universe, above the NIST and the CEN, above the ruminations of the brightest minds on earth.
According to God, He created everything from nothing and He did it in six God days. Are God days equal to our human 1,000 years? I don’t know. That’s not the only thing I don’t know and I challenge anyone to prove he or she has thoughts higher than the thoughts of God.